Construction; Engineered or Solid?
There are many reasons why engineered flooring is growing in popularity.
Its sustainability, the FACT it takes up to 75% less slow grown oak to produce, it works with underfloor heating* and the sheer choices available in colour are top of the list.
All our engineered flooring is available in plank, herringbone, chevron and other designs - see our Collections.
Environmentally; you can create three to five times the amount of engineered flooring depending on whether you choose a 10/4, 12/3, 15/4 or 20/6mm floor. When this is factored into the decision making, the amount of wood used in the top veneer layer compared to a solid floor obviously has environmental benefits.
Quality; to complete the structure of the boards our FSC certified Stability Range uses the faster growing birch hardwood for the make-up of the ply, and also utilises only the highest quality adhesives to unite all the layers. These together add another level of confidence that this is a product to sustain a superior level of longevity. Why is this important? The structure should definitely be considered when specifying a wood floor, inferior products will not last and are also not likely to be good for the worlds environmental footprint.
Practicality; engineered floors can be floated, secret nailed or glued and as mentioned above can be used with underfloor heating systems.
WFA is by no means is taking away from the beauty of solid floors, these are still a choice that many people favour.
Our solid range can be bought either unfinished, tumbled, brushed and smoked, or within our 10mm Parquet Battens range we have our Time Worn collection finished in a selection of 9 colours.
Timeless, and popular for centuries, solid floors do allow for various changes in colour finish over the years that it would be installed.
*The Time Worn range along with all 9/10mm parquet battens are suitable for underfloor heating.
Grading; Prime, Rustic & Character.
The grading of wood flooring contributes to its unique appearance, and generally manufacturers will grade taking into account a variety of factors including the number and size of knots, the amount of sap present and colour variations.
Whether the desired floor is to have a traditional, uniform look or one that is full of character, impress your customers with our engineered prime, rustic and character grade bespoke floors knowing that by choosing this product, they are supporting responsible management of the world’s forests. We ensure that they have been checked at every stage of processing “from the forest to the shelf”.
Has few, if any knots, and these will be of minimal pin knot size. Core or edge sapwood and filler will be negligible if any at all, and there will be a relatively small amount of colour variation in the timber itself.
Is a clean grade with some pin and sound knots. Core or edge sapwood and filler will be of the slightest amount. With the timber itself, there will be a relatively small amount of colour variation.
Allows for the mixture of natural grain and knots. Sound knots of up to 70mm and filled knots up to 35mm are perfectly acceptable. There will be colour variation, also expect minimal cracks, core and edge sapwood, plus filler. The colour of the filler is carefully selected to complement the wood rather than to match it exactly and it may vary from batch to batch.
Expect the same natural beauty that our rustic grade provides but with sound knots of up to 90mm and filled knots up to 50mm. Cracks can be more characterful too at 150mm+ long.
This hand selected grade is designed to emulate floors from a bygone era. These boards display all the charm of our character grade plus so much more! Each are characterised by a distinctive surface texture and exhibit the natural, raw beauty of European oak. This grade is available in 6 bespoke UV colours see Century Collection for more information.
Textures; Brushing, Aged, Bandsawn & Eased Edge.
The texture of a wood floor is something to be marveled at providing one of the simplest ways to revolutionise a room. It can add a whole new dimension to both the floor and room.
Add texture for an extra sensory aspect.
This removes the soft grain and enhances the texture of the timber, giving it a regular but very interesting texture. Often combined with oiling, it can give an untreated look that looks amazing in a sunlit room. Available in light, medium or heavy brushed.
Each piece of flooring is tumbled to achieve an authentic aged look to the edges and surface of the timber. Our tumbling takes place in giant drums where the planks are placed with certain objects to distress the wood.
Our bandsawn texture particularly suits retail and commercial projects. The surface has saw marks across the face at an angle of 90o from the length of the board.
The edge of each plank is softened by hand by our in-house craftsmen. Giving every plank a completely unique form.
Smoking & 100% Fumed; The processes
Our fumed and smoked colours are achieved through processes which react with the natural tannins in the oak, enhancing the natural tones within the timber. Although we use controlled processes, the final colours achieved are dictated by nature and not by using pigmented stains this is very evident in the fact that variation in colour will occur.
There are two main difference between these techniques; The smoking process penetrates the veneer surface by 0.5 - 2mm in depth whilst our supplied fumed European oak penetrates the entire veneer layer.
Smoking is the wood finishing ‘surface’ process used to create floors that are darker in colour and stress the grain pattern.
At the back of our finishing department at WFA HQ we have two smoking rooms. Here we expose the wood to ammonia fumes in these enclosed environments in varying degree’s to achieve; light smoked tones, medium to dark brown tones & dark brown tones.
The Herringbone blocks shown here demonstrate the varying degree’s of variation perfectly.
To achieve the 100% fumed colour the raw oak is exposed to pure ammonia gas in an air tight chamber for a period of up to 30 days, pending thickness and required colour. The ammonia is then safely removed and the wood left for a further 7 days before processing.
This section through demonstrates the penetration of the entire layer and is simply finished in a silk UV oil. The second image shows just how beautiful bespoke UV oils can work on 100% fumed oak.
The last stage of creating a bespoke floor is choosing the finish. Matt or silk uv cured oils are the options available at the end of the journey.
UVM - Matt
The flattest of the finishes available, matt uv oil has a minimal sheen level.
UVS - Silk
Silk uv oil sits in-between a matt and gloss finish with over 75% of orders completed in this option.
NOTE: Our fumed and smoked colours are achieved through a process which reacts with the natural tannins in the oak. Although we use controlled processes when smoking variation in colour will occur and the final colours are dictated by nature and not by using pigmented stains.